Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

American Elder, Common Elderberry

{Picture of American Elder, Common Elderberry}
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Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Shrub: Large
  • Scientific Name: Sambucus canadensis Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Elder
  • Related Cultivars:

    Sambucus canadensis 'Aurea'

  • Zone: 3
  • Plant Size: 6-10'
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Color: White
  • Habit: Rounded
  • Culture:

    Very adaptable. Tolerates wet sites. Full sun to partial shade.

  • Notes:

    Large clusters of whitish flowers in June followed by small purple-black fruits in fall that can be used for jams and wine. Is best reserved for naturalizing due to its size, coarse texture and irregular form.

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Renewal pruning is accomplished by removing the largest, oldest stems (generally 1/4 to 1/3 of the total stems) as close to the ground as possible. This will stimulate new shoots to develop below the cuts which will fill in the plant creating a more dense and pleasing habit.

    Renewal pruning should be done when the plant is dormant, late fall to early spring.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest
Feedback/Questions

Contact
Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University
E-mail: bhoch@montana.edu

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