Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Rugosa Rose

{Picture of Rugosa Rose}

Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Shrub: Medium
  • Scientific Name: Rosa rugosa Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Rose
  • Related Cultivars:

    Rosa rugosa 'F. J. Grootendorst'
    Rosa rugosa 'Fru Dagmar Hastrup'
    Rosa rugosa 'Hansa'
    Rosa rugosa 'Jens Monk'
    Rosa rugosa 'Sir Thomas Lipton'
    Rosa rugosa 'Therese Bugnet'
    Rosa rugosa 'Topaz Jewel'
    Rosa rugosa 'Albo-plena'
    Rosa rugosa 'Belle Poitevine'
    Rosa rugosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'

  • Zone: 2
  • Plant Size: 4-6'
  • Bloom Time: Summer
  • Bloom Color: Pink
  • Habit: Rounded
  • Culture:

    Requires a neutral to acid soil, otherwise very adaptable. Is well adapted to its native environment along the sea shores of Japan and Korea where

  • Notes:

    A wonderful landscape plant. Durable and versatile with a magnificent flower, fruit and foliage combination. The fragrant flowers begin in June with repeat flushes throughout summer into fall, and range in color from purple to white depending on the cultivar. The hips (fruit) are large (up to 1"), bright red and present late summer into winter. Glossy dark green rugose summer foliage turns yellow to red-orange in fall. Regular pruning is important to maintain an attractive plant, but difficult as the sturdy canes are densely covered with prickles. Unfortunately, the flowers and foliage of this species are a favorite food of the Japanese beetle.

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Renewal pruning is accomplished by removing the largest, oldest stems (generally 1/4 to 1/3 of the total stems) as close to the ground as possible. This will stimulate new shoots to develop below the cuts which will fill in the plant creating a more dense and pleasing habit.

    Renewal pruning should be done when the plant is dormant, late fall to early spring.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University

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