Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Loebner Magnolia

{Picture of Loebner Magnolia}
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Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Shrub: Large
  • Scientific Name: Magnolia x loebneri Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Magnolia
  • Related Cultivars:

    Magnolia x loebneri 'Leondard Messel'
    Magnolia x loebneri 'Merrill'
    Magnolia x loebneri 'Spring Snow'
    Magnolia x loebneri 'Ballerina'

  • Zone: Dependant on Cultivar
  • Plant Size: dependent on cultivar
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Habit: Pyramidal
  • Culture:

    Is more pH adaptable than star magnolia (M. stellata) but will develop chlorosis on very high pH soils. Full sun.

  • Notes:

    Loebner mangolia are simply one of the most beautiful floral displays of any plant. The color, size, fragrance and petal number of the exquisite flowers is dependent on the cultivar. The flowers appear in early spring and are therefore susceptible to damage by spring frosts and storms. The orange fruits are borne on silky threads in fall.

  • Spring-blooming magnolias:

    Spring blooming Magnolias should be sited carefully: locate to avoid harsh, damaging winds and warm microclimates which stimulate the flowers to open prematurely. A dark background, such as evergreens or brick will accentuate the flower display.

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Structural pruning of small trees is somewhat different than with larger trees, as small trees generally do not develop strong central leaders. Thus structural pruning of these trees should focus on addressing branch defects that are prone to damage from snow or other storm-related stresses. In particular, branches with included bark and branches larger than half the diameter of the trunk should be suppressed, or if small, removed. The fundamentals of structural pruning can be found at the following websites:

    Urban Tree Foundation – Structural Pruning

    University of Florida – Structural Pruning

    If a branch needs to be removed for clearance, is damaged, or possesses a critical defect, a 3-point cut is used (see animation). First an undercut is made to prevent bark from tearing down the trunk if it remains attached to the falling limb. The branch is then "stub cut" which removes most of the branch to facilitate a clean final cut. The final cut is made just outside the branch collar, which is the swollen area between the branch and the trunk. Cuts made here will heal most readily and prevent rot from invading the main trunk of the tree, a common occurrence when branches are cut flush with the trunk.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest
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Contact
Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University
E-mail: bhoch@montana.edu

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