Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

American Filbert or Hazelnut

{Picture of American Filbert or Hazelnut}

Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Shrub: Medium
  • Scientific Name: Corylus americana Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Filbert / Hazelnut
  • Zone: 4
  • Plant Size: 6-8'
  • Habit: Rounded
  • Culture:

    Adaptable. Tolerates poor, dry soils. Full sun to partial shade.

  • Notes:

    An attractive medium-sized, native shrub that deserves more use in the landscape. Tiny red female flowers in late March and edible nuts in fall. Birch-like catkins give an interesting winter texture. Although fall color varies among plants, it is often a beautiful combination of reds, pinks, and oranges, with multiple colors on the same leaf. 

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Renewal pruning is accomplished by removing the largest, oldest stems (generally 1/4 to 1/3 of the total stems) as close to the ground as possible. This will stimulate new shoots to develop below the cuts which will fill in the plant creating a more dense and pleasing habit.

    Renewal pruning should be done when the plant is dormant, late fall to early spring.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University

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