Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Apple Serviceberry

{Picture of Apple Serviceberry}

Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Tree: Small
  • Scientific Name: Amelanchier x grandiflora Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Serviceberry
  • Related Cultivars:

    Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Autumn Brilliance'
    Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Coles Select'
    Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Princess Diana'
    Amelanchier x grandiflora 'Robin Hill'

  • Zone: 4
  • Plant Size: 15-25'
  • Bloom Time: Spring
  • Bloom Color: White
  • Habit: Upright: spreading
  • Culture:

    Adaptable. Full sun to partial shade.

  • Notes:

    A wonderful small tree that is a naturally occurring hybrid between downy serviceberry (A. arborea) and allegheny serviceberry (A. laevis), combining the adaptability of downy serviceberry with the superior ornamental features of allegheny serviceberry. White flowers in spring produce sweet edible black fruit in summer that are loved by birds. The foliage is bronze when expanding and turns a beautiful orange-red in fall. Pleasing smooth gray bark. See Info.

  • Amelanchier Info:

    Amelanchier species display considerable variation when grown from seed, and are also extremely confusing and subsequently often mislabeled in the nursery trade. Purchasing cultivars is the only way to be sure of what you are getting.

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Structural pruning of small trees is somewhat different than with larger trees, as small trees generally do not develop strong central leaders. Thus structural pruning of these trees should focus on addressing branch defects that are prone to damage from snow or other storm-related stresses. In particular, branches with included bark and branches larger than half the diameter of the trunk should be suppressed, or if small, removed. The fundamentals of structural pruning can be found at the following websites:

    Urban Tree Foundation – Structural Pruning

    University of Florida – Structural Pruning

    If a branch needs to be removed for clearance, is damaged, or possesses a critical defect, a 3-point cut is used (see animation). First an undercut is made to prevent bark from tearing down the trunk if it remains attached to the falling limb. The branch is then "stub cut" which removes most of the branch to facilitate a clean final cut. The final cut is made just outside the branch collar, which is the swollen area between the branch and the trunk. Cuts made here will heal most readily and prevent rot from invading the main trunk of the tree, a common occurrence when branches are cut flush with the trunk.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University

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