Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest


{Picture of Winterberry}

Plant Information

  • Plant Type: Shrub: Medium
  • Scientific Name: Ilex verticillata Play audio of plant name
  • Family: Winterberry / Holly
  • Related Cultivars:

    Ilex verticillata 'Red Sprite'
    Ilex verticillata 'Winter Red'

  • Zone: 4
  • Plant Size: 6-8'
  • Bloom Color: Not Applicable
  • Habit: Oval
  • Culture:

    Requires a neutral to acid soil with adequate moisture. Tolerates wet conditions. Full sun to partial shade.

  • Notes:

    Dioecious. Females are adorned with brilliant red fruit in fall which last into winter if not taken by birds. Plant 1 male for every 3 females to ensure good pollination. Small white flowers are born in June. Lovely in groupings where the red fruits bring the fall and winter landscape alive with color.

  • Pruning:Pruning animation

    Renewal pruning is accomplished by removing the largest, oldest stems (generally 1/4 to 1/3 of the total stems) as close to the ground as possible. This will stimulate new shoots to develop below the cuts which will fill in the plant creating a more dense and pleasing habit.

    Renewal pruning should be done when the plant is dormant, late fall to early spring.

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Landscape Plants of the Upper Midwest

Bill Hoch, Associate Professor
Montana State University

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